African Swine Fever (ASF) infection was discovered in two industrial pig farms in Kerian, Perak, on September 17 and 18.
The outbreak was confirmed by a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test carried out by the Veterinary Research Institute, according to a statement released by the Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) (VRI).
“Pig transportation and vehicle movement are restricted on the sealed-off, affected farms. At the impacted commercial pig farms, clinical inspections, sampling, and surveillance have all been done. Additionally, restrictions on the export of pigs and pork products from the Malaysian state of Perak have been strengthened “The statement was specific.
All diseased pigs will be killed and properly disposed of in addition to the safeguards.
Despite this, the organisation has reassured the people that the outbreak is currently under control and that the only afflicted area is the Kerian neighbourhood. The public has been urged not to panic because the ASF virus cannot be transmitted from animals to people.
Pigs grown in the wild and on farms can contract the highly contagious and fatal ASF disease.
Pigs can contract the virus by coming into touch with the body fluids of an infected pig. Symptoms of ASF in pigs include:
– High fever
– Lack of strength
– Decreased appetite
– Red/blotchy skin lesions
– Difficulty breathing
Farmers have been urged by the DVS to adhere to stricter safety procedures and to improve biosecurity measures at their sites.
If a farmer suspects a pig may have the disease, they are urged not to send the pigs to slaughterhouses or visit other pig farms. To lessen the likelihood of illness cross-contamination and dissemination, it is also necessary to thoroughly clean clothing, tools, and transportation vehicles.
Additionally, they must notify the district veterinary services office (PPVD), the state veterinary services office, or the Crisis Management Room hotline of the Putrajaya Veterinary Services Department of any symptoms of the disease in their pigs. A severe fine of up to RM25,000 may be assessed for failure to report.
Additionally, it is urged that no live pigs be purchased straight from pig farms or from vehicles transporting live pigs.