The government is conducting a study on the implementation of the end-of-life vehicle (ELV) management policy by 2025, says Science, Technology and Innovation Minister Datuk Seri Dr Adham Baba.
He said the development of the policy was important to ensure the components and usable materials of old vehicles can be of use and not be simply thrown away.
“The excess of dilapidated vehicles. which also have resulted in dengue outbreaks, occur because there is yet a policy that decides on the proper action that needs to be taken, with emphasis on the method of proper disposal,” he said, reported Bernama.
He said the ministry is looking at Singapore and Japan as the 2 countries have expertise in ELV recycling in drafting the framework.
Dr Adham added that 70% of dismantled items from ELV can be exported to other countries, and has the potential of reaching RM10 billion for the related industries.
Citing the data from the Transport Ministry since May 2022, he said there were a total of 33 million registered vehicles in Malaysia, with 19 million of them being at least a decade old.
Meanwhile, Dr Adham said the study will be conducted by 3 universities, including Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) and other industry players, such as Malaysia Automotive Recyclers Association (MAARA), to resolve the issue of ELVs through recycling or upcycling.
The study will gather data and information about re-manufacturing and recycling, as well as foster cooperation between industrial and consortium members through research and training programmes and develop a re-manufacturing and recycling plan to support the National Automotive Policy 2020.
What is end-of-life vehicle?
Although automobiles are built to last longer than ever before, the reality is that all vehicles have a lifespan. The lifetime average age of a typical vehicle is 15 years.
The vehicle then goes to a junk yard or recycling facility when it marks the end of its life as a roadworthy car. It then takes on a sort of afterlife, where a majority of its parts and accessories are salvaged.
According to auto recycling statistics, up to 80% of a vehicle is recycled, and the average new car contains about 25% of its body from recycled steel.
The mostly recycled parts of a vehicle are tires, wheels, car seats, carpets, oil filters, batteries, windshield glass, steel and iron, radios, radiators, airbags, catalytic converters, transmissions, and mats.
Some parts are used to make nonautomotive products. For instance, used car tires are used to make fuel, artificial turf, mulch for landscaping, and rubberized asphalt for roadways.
Some parts are salvaged and sold for repairing other vehicles while some are sold directly to auto parts manufacturers, which are refurbished and sold to auto parts companies.
Such policy is also adopted by several countries worldwide and it is aimed at reducing waste arising from end-of-life vehicles.